PART THREE: Highly Efficient ERVs in Practice
When we bust ERV myths at BPE, Inc., we aren’t just talking theory. We have demonstrated what today’s super-efficient ERVs can do in the real world. After discussing cross-contamination and efficiency myths over the last two weeks, we present a case study that demonstrates the excellent IAQ benefits of an ERV in a practical application:
Every commercial building is required by law to bring a certain amount of fresh outside air into an occupied space. (See ASHRAE Standard 62.1 and local building codes). Unfortunately, outside air is rarely the temperature or condition desired for the interior of the building. Accordingly, most commercial buildings spend 60% – 80% of their HVAC energy consumption on tempering the outside air (variance depends on air requirements, occupancy, usage, etc.). BPE high efficiency energy recovery ventilators expel stale air from inside buildings and pull in a supply of fresh outdoor air. In the process, an extremely efficient transfer of energy takes place between the two air streams inside the units. This allows stale air to be exhausted from a building while supplying occupants with fresh air that is typically pre-tempered to within 5-degrees of room temperature. This occurs without cross contamination of fresh and stale airflows. The overwhelming majority of convenience stores comply with ASHRAE standard 62.1 and local building codes via outside air intakes on their buildings’ air handlers (usually located behind, on the side, or on the roof of the store). This is inefficient and undesirable for two reasons: 1) There is no pre-tempering of the outside air which causes the HVAC system to work much harder and the outside air is merely diluted with the inside air. 2) The outside air intakes are often located near the ground where there is a high degree of air contaminants such as dust, dirt, allergens, mold, and odors. These contaminants get pulled in by the air handlers and can increase HVAC maintenance problems, lowering indoor air quality. By shutting off the HVAC system’s outside air intakes and installing a highly efficient BPE X-Type Energy Recovery Ventilator running at 80% or higher thermal efficiency with two efficient inline fans, we can accomplish the following:
⦁ Dramatically reduce HVAC energy consumption by 35% or more.
⦁ Create an opportunity to place the air intake for the BPE unit higher off the ground. This allows better quality air into the store while avoiding undesirable ground-level contaminants.
⦁ Swap out dilution ventilation for displacement ventilation, which is a more thorough manner of exhausting stale indoor air as pre-tempered fresh outdoor air is pulled inside.
DEMAND SIDE VENTILATION WITH CO2 SENSORS:
Recently, BPE, Inc. and Fresh Air Energy have collaborated with a nationally recognized industrial hygienist, Steven Olivetti of SK Environmental Associates, LLC, to develop an installation method that significantly reduces HVAC energy consumption above and beyond that which is already achievable as discussed above (see SK Environmental Associates Study Regarding Hopewell Valley Regional School District). This simple, effective method involves the installation of CO2 sensors connected to the fans. Accordingly, when the CO2 level inside the occupied space reaches a preset condition, the fans turn on automatically. When the CO2 level decreases to a pre-set condition, the fans turn off automatically. Thus, the ventilation system operates only when necessary. In contrast, the ventilation systems of most convenience stores (and many commercial buildings) operate around the clock taking in outside air whenever the air conditioning or heater is running. Depending upon occupancy conditions at a given convenience store, this method should reduce outside air intake by two-thirds or more. As with school classrooms, this installation method (demand side ventilation with CO2 sensors) is particularly appropriate for convenience stores. This is because of the high degree of occupancy variance that occurs during store hours. There is little to no need for outside air ventilation when there are no customers. There is, however, a need for outside air ventilation under more crowded conditions.
Using demand side ventilation with CO2 sensors coupled to a highly efficient BPE X-Type Energy Recovery Ventilator and two efficient inline fans accomplishes the following: 1) The ventilation system operates only when necessary. 2) When the ventilation system does operate, it will operate through a reliable ERV operating at 80% or greater thermal efficiency. 3) Indoor air quality is improved using displacement ventilation and a fresh air intake placed in a desirable location. 4) HVAC energy consumption should be reduced by 65% or more.
Want to explore what high-efficiency ERV models look like? Feel free to check out BPE, Inc.’s product performance specs!
For more information, please give us a call to discuss your commercial or residential ventilation needs. Getting involved with BPE, Inc. professionals and our products can be–quite literally–a breath of fresh air!